12th New York Infantry
"Onondaga Regiment"
"Independence Guard"


(Click on picture for a larger one)

Little Round Top.  Gettysburg

Front Right

12th N. Y. Infantry
D & E Companies
Lt. Col. H. W. Ryder Com'd'g.
3d Brigade
1st Division
5th Corps
On duty at 5th Corps
Headquarters
July 1st 2d & 3d 1863.

Front Left

12th N. Y. Infantry
or some part of it was
present at all battles
of the 5th Corps
Army of Potomac
from
Hanover Court House
May 27th 1862
to Appomattox April 9th 1865.

Rear Right

The 44th N. Y. Infantry, Lieut-Colonel Freeman Conner, Commanding, held position about 100 fet in advance of this monument. Designated by a marker, from about 3 P. M.
July 2nd, to about 11 A. M. July 3rd 1863.
Number engaged 313.
Casualties.
Killed, 2 Officers, 24 Enlisted Men
Wounded, 5 Officers (of whom one died), 75 Enlisted
men (of whom ten died).
Total loss 106.
At noon of July 3rd, was placed in reserve at the right of Little Round Top where it remained until the close of the battle.

Rear Left

The 44th New York Infantry was organized at Albany N. Y. August
8th-October 21st 1861. Number enlisted 1096.
Assigned to Brigade commanded by General Daniel Butterfield subsequently known as 3rd Brig. 1st Div. 5th Corps A. P.
In October 1862, two full companies, one of Albany State
normal school students, and the other from Yates Co. N. Y.
were added.  Total enrollment 1585.
Engagements
Yorktown, Hanover Court House, Gaines Mill, Malvern Hill,
Groveton, Antietam, Shepherdstown Ford, Fredericksburg,
Chancellorsville, Middleburg, Gettysburg, Jones Cross Roads,
Rappahannock Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania,
North Anna, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, Petersburg,
Weldon Railroad, Poplar Spring Church.
Casualties
Killed, 3 Officers, 122 Enlisted Men.
Wounded, 35 Officers (of whom one died), 504 Enlisted Men
(of whom sixty two died).
Died of disease, 2 Officers, 145 Enlisted Men
missing in action, 50 Enlisted Men.
Mustered out at Albany N. Y. Oct. 11th 1864.
Men whose term had not expired transferred to 140th
and 148th N. Y. Infantry.

Roster

Abram Earle
Joseph H. Edwards
Franklin (Frank) E. Gates

Isaac Jones

John Weber (Webber)
James Benson--Co. E


Organized at Elmira, N. Y, and mustered in for two years' State service May 8, 1861. Mustered in for three months' United States service May 13, and remustered for full term of State service August 2, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., May 29, 1861. Attached to Richardson's Brigade, Tyler's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, June to August, 1861. Richardson's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Wadsworth's Brigade, McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Butterfield's 3rd Brigade, Porter's 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, to May, 1863. Headquarters, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864.

SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until July 16, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Upton's Hill August 27. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C, until March 10, 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula March 22-24. Warwick Road April 5. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Before Yorktown April 11. Reconnaissance up the Pamunkey May 10. Reconnaissance to Hanover Court House May 26. Battle of Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battle of Gaines Mill July 27. White Oak Swamp and Turkey Bend June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. Duty at Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 28-September 2. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam September 16-17. Shepherdstown September 19. At Sharpsburg, Md., until October 30. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Expedition to Richard's and Ellis' Fords December 29-30. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Mustered out May 17, 1863, expiration of term. Three years men consolidated to a Battalion of two Companies and assigned to duty as Provost Guard at Headquarters, 5th Army Corps, to June, 1864. Participating in the Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24, 1863. Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 2. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21; North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Transferred to 5th New York Infantry June 2, 1864, as Companies "E" and "F."

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 61 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 59 Enlisted men by disease. Total 124.

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