New York Infantry
Albert T. Paul--Co. A
George Weiss--Co. C
Regiment organized at Staten Island, N.Y., June 18, 1863. Companies
"A" to "E" left State for Washington, D.C.,
June 21, 1863. Company "F" Joined Regiment September
1, 1863, and Companies "G" to "K" October
24, 1863. Attached to 3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Army
Corps, Dept. of Washington, D. C., to July, 1863. Provost guard
Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, to November, 1863. District
of Columbus. Ky., 6th Division, 16th Army Corps, Dept. of the
Tennessee, to January, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th Army
Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to March, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd
Division, 16th Army Corps (Detachment), Army of the Tennessee,
Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th
Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade,
2nd Division (Detachment), Army of the Tennessee, Dept. of the
Cumberland, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 16th
Army Corps (New), Military Division West Mississippi, to August,
1865. District of Alabama, Dept. of the Gulf, to April, 1866.
SERVICE.--Duty at Fairfax Seminary and Washington,
D.C., until October 31, 1863. Little River Turnpike, Va., June
28-29. Moved to Eastport, Miss., October 31. Duty at Eastport,
Miss., Columbus, Ky., Fort Pillow, Tenn., and Vicksburg, Miss.,
until February, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3 to March 2,
1864. Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Fort DeRussy March 14.
Occupation of Alexandria March 16. Battle of Pleasant Hill April
9. Retreat to Alexandria April 22-26. About Cloutiersville, Cane
River, April 22-23. Luciaville April 23-25. Construction of dam
at Alexandria April 30-May 10. Retreat to Morganza May 13-20.
Mansura May 16. Yellow Bayou May 18-19. Moved to Vicksburg, Miss.,
thence to Memphis, Tenn., May 20-June 9. Old River Lake or Lake
Chicot, Ark., June 6-7. Colliersville, Tenn., June 23. Near Lafayette
June 23. Smith's Expedition to Tupelo, Miss., July 5-21. Near
Tupelo July 14-15. Old Town or Tishamingo Creek July 15. Smith's
Expedition to Oxford August 1-30. Hurricane Creek August 13-14.
Moved to Duvall's Bluff, Ark., September 1-7. March through Arkansas
and Missouri in pursuit of Price September 17-November 19. Moved
to Nashville, Tenn., November 21-December 1. Battles of Nashville
December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December
17-28. At Clifton, Tenn., and Eastport, Miss., until February,
1865. Movement to New Orleans, La., February 6-22. Campaign against
Mobile and its defenses March 17-April 12. Siege of Spanish Fort
and Fort Blakely March 26-April 8. Assault and capture of Fort
Blakely April 9. Occupation of Mobile April 12. March to Montgomery
April 13-25, and duty there and at Greenville, Ala., until April,
1866. Mustered out April 20, 1866.
Regiment lost during service 18 Enlisted men killed
and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 190 Enlisted men by disease.
November 12, 1862, Col. Julius W. Adams received
authority to recruit a regiment, the 2d Hawkins' Zouaves, in the first seven
Senatorial Districts of the State for a service of nine months; February 23,
1863, the term of service was changed to three years. October 23, 1862, Col.
Ethan Allen received authority to recruit a regiment, the Ethan Allen Regiment,
3d Merchants' Brigade, in the same territory, for nine months' service. November
19, 1862, Col. Henry E. Gotlieb was authorized to recruit a regiment, the
Federal Guard, in the same districts; this authority was revoked January 24,
1863, and the men enlisted transferred to Colonel Allen's regiment; May 12,
1863, the term of service of the men enlisted in the Merchants' Brigade for nine
months was changed to three years. April 21, 1863, the 2d Hawkins' Zouaves and
the 3d Merchants' Brigade were consolidated, with Colonel Adams in command, and
designated the Blair Rifles. Authority was granted December 2, 1862, to Col.
John G. Bell to recruit the Pratt Guards; December 4, 1862, to Col. Henry F.
Liebenau to recruit the Seymour Light Infantry; January 10, 1863, to Col. Edward
Wehler to recruit the Burnside Rifles; February 6, 1863, to Col. James R. Quick
to recruit the Westchester Light Infantry; February 11, 1863, to Col. Francis H.
Braulich to recruit the Defenders. June 20, 1863, the 178th Regiment was
organized by the consolidation of the Blair Rifles, the Pratt Guards, the
Seymour Light Infantry, the Burnside Rifles, the Westchester Light Infantry and
the Defenders into one regiment, under Col. Edward Wehler, and its organization
was completed October 14, 1863, by the assignment to it of the men enlisted at
the time for the 7th Infantry, reorganizing, under Col. George W. von Schack; of
the men enlisted for the 8th Infantry, reorganizing, under Col. Salm Salm, and
of those for the 31st Infantry, reorganizing, under Col. Frank Jones. February
1, 1865, the regiment was consolidated into a battalion of five companies at
Eastport, Miss.; Company A receiving men from Companies E and F; B men from
Companies G and H; C men from G, H, I and K; D men from F, G, H, I and K; and
Company E from Companies B, F and K.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Rochester,
Buffalo, Niagara and Kingston; the other companies at New York city; and they
were mustered in the service of the United States for three years: A June 18,
1863; B and C, of the Burnside Rifles, June 18, 1863; D and E June 19, 1863; F
August 22, 1863; G — Company A, 7th Infantry, reorganizing August 31, 1863; H
— Company A, 8th Infantry, reorganizing August 29, 1863; I — Company B, 8th
Infantry, reorganizing September 3, 1863, and K October 17, 1863.
Companies A, B, C, D and E, commanded by Lieut.-Col.
Charles F. Smith, left the State June 21, 1863; Company F joined September 1,
1863, and the remaining companies October 24, 1863, with Colonel Wehler; the
regiment served in De Russey's Division, 22d Corps, from June, 1863; as Provost
Guard in the city of Washington, D. C., from July 9, 1863; it left Washington
October 31, 1863, and served at Eastport, Miss., from November 16, 1863; in 2d
Brigade, 3d Division, 16th Corps, from December, 1863; in 3d Brigade, 3d
Division, Detachment of 16th Corps, from February, 1864; in 3d Brigade, 2d
Division, 16th Corps, from December, 1864; and, commanded by Lieut.-Col. John B.
Gandolfo, it was honorably discharged and mustered out April 20, 1866, at
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in
action, 9 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 9 enlisted men; of disease
and other causes, 2 officers, 190 enlisted men; total, 2 officers, 208 enlisted
men; aggregate, 210; of whom 35 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.