31st New York Infantry
"Baxter's Light Guard"
"Montezuma Regiment"

Samuel S. Benjamin--C John H. Bevers--F
Charles Heinsberger--G,E Valentine Hendzel--C
Jacob Justin--E,H Jacob Kirchner--F
Alfred Collier--Co. A Louis (Lewis) Capps--Co. E & H
George Hoerman (Herrmann)--Co. E, F, G John Davidson--Co. A

Organized at New York City and mustered in May 14, 1861. Left State for Washington, D.C., June 24, 1861. Attached to Davies' Brigade, Miles' Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia, to August, 1861. Franklin's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Newton's Brigade, Franklin's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, and Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. Light Division, 6th Army Corps, to May, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, to June, 1863.

SERVICE.--Reconnaissance from Alexandria on Fairfax Road July 14, 1861. Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21. Battle of Bull Run July 21. Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C, until March, 1862. Skirmish at Springfield Station October 3, 1861. Scout to Fairfax Court House December 24-25, 1861 (Co. "E"). Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. McDowell's advance on Falmouth, Va., April 4-12. Ordered to the Peninsula, Va., April 22. Siege of Yorktown April 24-May 4, on transports. West Point May 7-8. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Gaines' Mill June 27. White Oak Swamp, Charles City Cross Roads, and Glendale June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. In works at Centreville August 28-31, and cover Pope's retreat to Fairfax Court House September 1. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Crampton's Gap, South Mountain, September 14. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Duty in Maryland until October 29. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations about Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Mustered out June 4, 1863, expiration of term. Three years' men transferred to 121st Regiment New York Infantry.

Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 62 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 29 Enlisted men by disease. Total 98.

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