40th New York Infantry
This monument is located south of Gettysburg at the intersection of
Crawford Avenue and Warren Avenue near Devil's Den
Organized at Yonkers, N.Y., June 27, 1861. Left State for Washington,
D.C., July 4, 1861. Duty near Alexandria until August 4. Attached
to Howard's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861.
Sedgwick's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac,
to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army
of the Potomac, to July, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd
Army Corps, to May, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army
Corps, to March, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps,
to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty in the Defenses of Washington, and on
the Upper Potomac, until March, 1862. Operations on the Potomac
October 21-24, 1861. Action at Ball's Bluff October 21. Advance
on Manassas, Va., March 10-15, 1862. Ordered to the Peninsula,
Va., March 17. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Battle of
Williamsburg May 5. Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks May 31-June
1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battles of Oak Grove
near Seven Pines June 25; Jordan's Ford June 29; Savage Station
June 29; White Oak Swamp and Glendale June 30; Malvern Hill July
1; Turkey Bend July 3. At Harrison's Landing until August 16.
Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-26.
Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 26-September 2. Battles
of Groveton August 29; Bull Run August 30; Chantilly September
1. Picket duty at Conrad's Ferry until October. Movement up the
Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 11-November
19. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March"
January 20-24, 1863. At Falmouth until April 27. Chancellorsville
Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg
(Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July
1-4. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Wapping Heights, Va., July 23.
Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign
October 9-22. Auburn and Bristoe October 13-14. Advance to line
of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine
Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Payne's Farm November 27.
Mine Run November 28-30. Demonstration on the Rapidan February
6, 1864. Near Brandy Station until May. Campaign from the Rapidan
to the James River May 3-June 15. Battles of the Wilderness May
5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Laurel Hill May 8; Po River May 10;
Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient or
"Bloody Angle" May 12. Harris Farm or Fredericksburg
Road May 19. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey
May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before
Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April
2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 21-23, 1864. Demonstration
north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Demonstration
north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom,
August 14-18. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton
Plank Road, Hatcher's Run, October 27-28. Raid on Weldon Railroad
December 7-12. Dabney's Mill, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.
Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
White Oak Road March 29-30. Crow's House March 31. Fall of Petersburg
April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farmville April
7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army.
At Burkesville until May 2. March to Washington, D.C., May 2-15.
Grand Review May 23. Mustered out June 27, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 228 Enlisted
men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 170 Enlisted
men by disease. Total 410.