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Ayres Avenue, the Wheatfield
South Hancock Avenue, Cemetery Ridge
148th Penna Infantry
1st Brig. 1st Div. 2d Corps.
The Regiment engaged the enemy on this position in the afternoon of July 2d. 1863
Present at Gettysburg 468 officers and men
died of wounds 2 officers 25 men
Killed and died of wounds 13 Officers, 190 Men
Chancellorsville, Cold Harbor, Gettysburg, Petersburg, Auburn, Strawberry Plains, Bristoe Station, Deep Bottom, Mine Run, Reams' Station, Wilderness, Petersburg, Spotsylvania, Hatcher's Run, North Anna, South Side R. R., Totopotomoy, Farmville, Appomattox
Field & Staff
Organized at Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, September 8, 1862. Moved to Cockeysville, Md., September 9-10, 1862, and guard duty on Northern Central Railroad until December 9, 1862. Unattached, Defenses of Baltimore, 8th Corps, Middle Department. Moved to Falmouth, Va., December 9-18, 1862. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Falmouth, Va., until April 27, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 14-July 24. Skirmish at Haymarket June 25. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee July 5-24. Wapping Heights, Va., July 23. Expedition to Port Conway August 31-September 4. Richardson's Ford September 1. Duty on Orange & Alexandria Railroad and the Rappahannock until October. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. South side of the Rappahannock October 12. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Kelly's Ford November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Demonstration on the Rapidan February 6-7, 1864. Morton's Ford February 6-7. Duty near Stevensburg until May. Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Po River May 9-10; Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. Milford Station May 20. Reconnaissance by Regiment across North Anna River May 22. North Anna River May 23-26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road June 21-23, 1864. Demonstration on north side of the James at Deep Bottom July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Mine Explosion, Petersburg. July 30 (Reserve). Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom August 13-20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18. Ream's Station, Weldon Railroad, August 25. Assault on Davidson's Confederate Battery October 27. Front of Forts Morton and Sedgwick October 29. Reconnaissance to Hatcher's Run December 9-10. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Watkins' House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Gravelly Run March 29. Boydton Road or Hatcher's Run March 30-31. Crow's House, White Oak Road, March 31. Sutherland Station April 2. Sailor's Creek April 6. High Bridge, Farmville, April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Washington, D.C., May 2-12. Grand Review May 23. Mustered out near Alexandria June 1, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 198 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 183 Enlisted men by disease. Total 397.
On July 7th, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln called for 300,000 volunteers to strengthen the fighting force of the Union Army.1 In response, Andrew G. Curtin, Governor, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, issued commissions to recruit to Dr. George A. Fairlamb, Robert McFarlane, Robert M. Forster, William H. Bible, FrankStevenson, James F. Weaver, Martin Dolan, all of Centre County. When the regiment was formed at Camp Curtin, the seven companies raised by these men in Centre were joined with three companies from Clarion, Jefferson, and Indiana Counties to form these companies of the 148th regiment of the Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry:
Other counties represented in the 148th Pennsylvania included Blair, Juniata, Mifflin, and Perry.
The recruits were transported to Camp Curtin, outside of Harrisburg, and organized into the 148th Pennsylvania on September 8th.2 At the request of the line officers who recruited the seven companies in Centre County, James Addams Beaver, LT Colonel, 45th Pennsylvania Volunteers, was appointed Commander of the Regiment. An election was held to select the field and staff officers of the 148th Pennsylvania.
On September 9th, after the new recruits had been organized into a regiment and equipped with Vincennes .69 caliber rifles, the 148th Pennsylvania was shipped to Cockeysville, Maryland. Here, they guarded a 15-mile stretch of the Northern Central Railroad to protect communications between the Northern states and the nation's capital from enemy attack. Four companies, including Companies E, G, H, and I, were stationed at Gunpowder River Bridge under command of Major George A. Fairlamb.3
Company A, under the command of Captain Robert H. Forster, moved to Luthersville, Maryland, and Company B, commanded by Captain James F. Weaver, moved to Glencoe, Maryland. The remaining companies encamped at headquarters at Cockeysville under the command of Colonel Beaver.
During this period, Colonel Beaver, drawing on his training and experience gained from his prior service in the 45th Pennsylvania Volunteers, drilled the recruits daily and placed the regiment under the most rigid and uniform rules of discipline. In less than three months the recruits were turned into a "spit and polish" regiment with polished shoes and brass, well-packed knapsacks, and wore white gloves during review. Regimental drill and bayonet practice became part of the daily routine for the 148th Pennsylvania. Their motto became "Ready, Always Ready." Later, Colonel Beaver conducted classes for the newly-commissioned and non-commissioned officers.
On December 9, 1862, the Regiment reassembled and left Cockeysville traveling by rail to Baltimore, where they spent one night; and then on to Washington, DC, arriving at 4:00 a.m. on December 11th. Marching south in a drenching rain on December 16th, the 148th Pennsylvania boarded a steam boat at Liverpool Point, Maryland, and were taken down the Potomac ten miles to Aquia Creek, Virginia. They continued marching south to Falmouth, Virginia, the Headquarters of the Army of the Potomac, reaching it just two days after the Battle of Fredericksburg.
At Falmouth, the 148th Pennsylvania was assigned to the First Brigade (Major General John C. Caldwell, Commanding), First Division (Major General Winfield S. Hancock, Commanding), Second Corps (Major General Darius Couch, Commanding), Right Grand Division (General Edwin V. Sumner, Commanding), Army of the Potomac (Major General Ambrose Everett Burnside, Commanding).
The 148th Pennsylvania was attached to the First Brigade, Second Division, Second Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September 1863; to the Third Brigade, First Division, Second Army Corps, to March, 1864, and to the Fourth Brigade, First Division, Second Army Corps, to June 1865.5
The 148th Pennsylvania fought in all the battles and skirmishes in which the Army of the Potomac engaged from Chancellorsville and Gettysburg to Appomattox. The regiment was also present at the official surrender and stacking of arms by General Robert E. Lee's Confederate troops at Appomattox Court House on April 12, 1865, and participated in the Presidential Grand Review of the Army of the Potomac in Washington, DC, on May 22-23, 1865.