168th Regiment Infantry



Field & Staff

Organized at Pittsburgh October 16 to December 1, 1862. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Newport News and Suffolk, Va., December 6-17, 1862. Attached to Spinola's Brigade, Division at Suffolk, Va., 7th Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, 18th Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to May, 1863. District of the Pamlico, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1863. Spinola's Brigade, 7th Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863. Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July, 1863.

SERVICE.--Duty at Suffolk, Va., until December 28, 1862. Moved to New Berne, N. C., December 28-January 1, 1863, and duty there until June, 1863. Expedition from New Berne to Trenton, Pollocksville, Young's Cross Roads and Swansborough March 6-10. Expedition to relief of Little Washington April 7-10. Blount's Creek April 9. Expedition to Swift Creek Village April 13-21. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., June. Dix's Campaign on the Peninsula June 27-July 7. Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., July 7-9; thence moved to Boonesborough, Md., and reported to General Meade July 11. Pursuit of Lee July 11-24. Mustered out July 25, 1863.

Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 24 Enlisted men by disease. Total 25.

This regiment was raised in the counties of Westmoreland, Fayette, Greene, Beaver, Allegeny, and Erie. The men rendezvoused at Camp Howe, near Pittsburgh, during the latter part of October, 1862, where the companies were organized, and the following field officers were chosen:
Clothing, arms, and accoutrements, and the State colors, were received on the 2d of December, and on the evening of the same day, the regiment started for the front.

Upon its arrival at Fortress Monroe, it was ordered to Newport News, where it remained some two weeks, with the command of General Corcoran. It was thence ordered to Suffolk, Virginia, and was there assigned to Spinola's Brigade, subsequently known as the Keystone Brigade. From Suffolk, the brigade was ordered to Newbern, North Carolina, whither it proceeded by way of the Chowan River, arriving on the 1st of January, 1863. The regiment was here thoroughly drilled, and the officers instructed in their duties. It was out upon several expeditions against the enemy, but did not come to battle.

Soon after the retreat of the enemy under General Hill from before Little Washington, which he had been closely besieging, the Keystone Brigade was ordered thither to relieve the garrison. Here it remained until the 28th of June, when it was sent to Fortress Monroe, and thence to White House, to co-operate with forces under General Dix, in a demonstration towards Richmond.

For nearly a week the troops were out upon this duty, and here the intelligence was first received of the invasion of Pennsylvania. A strong desire was at once manifested by the members of the Keystone Brigade, to be led to the support of the Union army, who expressed a willingness to remain beyond the period for which they were to serve. This wish was gratified, and the brigade was sent to Harper's Ferry, where it occupied Maryland Heights. The battle at Gettysburg had, in the meantime, been fought, and as the army under Meade approached the Potomac in pursuit of Lee, the regiment joined it at Boonesboro.

After the enemy had escaped into Virginia, the regiment was ordered for duty to Middletown, Maryland, and a few days later to Harrisburg, where, on the 25th of July, it was mustered out of service.

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