Eighteenth Alabama
Infantry Regiment

Holtzclaw's (James T.) Regiment
A. Bullock Guards
B. Coosa Farmers/ McCulloch's
Avengers/Covington Hunters
C. Cahaba Valley Rangers
D. Moore's Sharpshooters/
Coosa Farmers
E. Confederate Stars
F. Tom Watt's Rifles
G. Yancey Guards
H. A.B. Moore's Invincibles
I. Curry Guards
K. Confederate Blues










This regiment was organized at Auburn, Sept. 4, 1861, and the field officers were appointed by President Davis. A few weeks later, it went to Mobile, by way of Huntsville, and was there brigaded under Gen. Gladden of Louisiana, with the Nineteenth, Twentieth, Twenty-second, and Twenty-fifth Alabama regiments, Withers' division. Ordered to Corinth in March 1862, the regiment was there brigaded under Gen. J.K. Jackson of Georgia, with the Seventeenth and Nineteenth Alabama regiments. The Eighteenth fought the first day at Shiloh, and lost 125 killed and wounded out of 420 men engaged. It was detailed to escort the brigade of Gen. Prentiss, which it had largely aided to capture, to the rear, and did not take part the second day. After the battle, the regiment being withouth field officers, was for a short time under officers detailed for the purpose. It was under fire at Blackland, and soon after was sent to Mobile. There the Eighteenth remained till April 1863, when it rejoined the army of Tennessee, in a brigade with the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-eight Alabama regiments, and the Ninth Alabama battalion (the latter being soon after raised to the Fifty-eighth regiment, and consolidated subsequently with the Thirty-second Alabama), commanded successively by Generals Cummings of Georgia, Clayton of Barbour, Holtzclaw of Montgomery, and Colonel Bush Jones of Perry. At Chicamauga the Eighteenth was terribly mutilated, losing 22 out of 36 officers, and 300 out of 500 men, killed and wounded. At Mission Ridge the Eighteenth was engaged, and lost about 90 men, principally captured. Having wintered at Dalton, it began the Dalton-Atlanta campaign with 500 effective men, and fought all the way down to Jonesboro, losing constantly in killed and wounded, but with no severe loss at any one place. It lost very nearly half its number during the campaign, and rendered effective service. The regiment went with Gen. Hood into Tennessee, and lost about 100 at Franklin, principally captured. When the army moved to the Carolinas in February 1865, the regiment was ordered to Mobile, and placed in the field works at Spanish Fort. It participated prominently in the siege of that place several weeks later, with some loss, and escaped when the defences were evacuated. It surrendered at Meridian, Miss., May 4, 1865, with the military department.

James M. McLaughlin
Dr. J. M. McLaughlin, who died at Springville, Alabama, on October 23,1908, was born at Leeds, Jefferson County, Ala., in March 1838. He was the son of John McLaughlin, one of the first settlers of Tennessee, who removed later to Alabama, and whose father, Alexander Andrew McLaughlin, emigrated fom Scotland to Tennessee. James McLaughlin read medicine with Dr.s Robertson and Freeman at Springville, and then attended the Atlanta Medical College for two years. From that place he enlisted in the Confederate Army as a member of Company C., 18th Alabama Regiment, and was soon made captain of the company. In 1864 he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel, as which
he continued to the close of the war. He had declined the appointment as assistant surgeon of his regiment.
Dr. McLaughlin was married in 1877 to Miss Isadora Forman, and their one child is Mrs. Katherine Burt Forney, widow of the late Prof. Jacob Forney, of the Alabama State University. Comrade McLaughlin was a loving father a good citizen, a brave soldier, and a Christian gentleman.

Marion Merritt - Company B


Killed at Resacs, Georgia in May 1864. One of his buddies made it back alive to tell his sister that he was shot and they propped him against a tree. That was the last time they ever saw him.

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