A. Washington Light Infantry
B. Montgomery Guards
C. Marengo Rifles/Witherspoon
D. Mobile Battle Guards
E. Mobile Chamberlain Guards/
F. Baldwin Rifles
G. Spanish Guards/Southern Star
H. Swanson Guards/French
I. United Rangers/Independence Guards
The Twenty-first was mustered into service Oct.
13, 1861, at Mobile, and remained at Hall's Mill and Fort Gaines
till ordered to Fort Pillow in March 1862. It remained there a
few days, then moved to Corinth, where it was brigaded under Gen.
Gladden. The regiment took part in the battle of Shiloh, where
it lost six color-bearers in succession, and 200 killed and wounded
out of about 650 engaged and was complimented in general orders.
On the return to Corinth, the regiment was reorganized, and extended
their enlistment from one year to "for the war." The
Twenty-first was at Farmington, but its casualties were few. In
the summer the regiment was ordered to Mobile, and was on garrison
duty at Fort Morgan, and at Oven and Chocta Bluffs.* It was at
Pollard a short time under Gen. Cantey, but was then ordered to
the defenses of Mobile. Two companies were stationed at Fort Powell,
where, with a loss of one killed, they withstood a bombardment
of a fortnight from five gun-boats and six mortar-boats which
attempted to force an entrance through Grant's Pass. Six companies
of the regiment were captured at Fort Gaines, and two at Fort
Morgan; but the two at Fort Powell blew up and evacuated the post.
The men captured at Fort Gaines were exchanged, the others were
not. The remainder of the regiment were part of the garrison of
Spanish Fort, where it lost about 10 killed and 25 wounded. The
Twenty-first was surrendered at Cuba, in Sumter, May 6, 1865,
about 250 strong. It is but just to say that the Twenty-first
was composed largely of artisans from Mobile, many of whom were
detached to assist in the various government works.