The 53rd Regiment Alabama Cavalry, also known as the
53rd Alabama Partisan Rangers, was a cavalry regiment that served in the
Confederate Army during the American Civil War.
This regiment was organized at Montgomery, in
November 1862. A few weeks later it proceeded to Mississippi.
Moving from Columbus to Decatur, in Lawrence, a portion of the
regiment was there equipped, and proceeded to join Gen. Van Dorn.
This battalion was in the fight at Thompson's Station, and at
Brentwood, suffering severely in the former. The regiment was
engaged in the fight with Dodge at Town Creek, and in the pursuit
of Streight. Soon after, the Fifty-third joined the main army
at Dalton as part of Hannon's brigade, Kelly's division. It operated
on the right of the army as it fell back towards Atlanta, and
was engaged in constant and perilous duty. When Sherman reached
Atlanta, the Fifty-third was the principal force engaged in the
daring raid in his rear, whereby a valuable train was destroyed.
It was then at the heels of Sherman as he devastated Georgia and
the Carolinas, and took part in the last operations of the war
in that quarter. The regiment laid down its arms at Columbia,
Two of its companies had seen prior service with
the 7th Alabama Infantry Regiment. Men of this command were from
the counties of Autauga, Lauderdale, Macon, Pike, Coosa, Tallapoosa,
Dallas, Monroe, Wilcox, Lowndes, Dale, Coffee, and Montgomery.
It first served in the District of the Gulf and in December contained
517 effectives. The unit was later assigned to Roddey's and M.W.
Hanno's Brigade, Wheeler's Corps. It saw action at Thompson's
Station, Brentwood, and Town Creek, was involved at the Atlanta
Campaign, then participated in the defense of Savannah and the
campaign of the Carolinas. Only a small number surrendered in
April, 1865. Colonel Moses W. Hannon, Lieutenant Colonel John
F. Gaines, and Major Thomas F. Jenkins were in command.
The regiment was instrumental in the raid to capture a train load of cattle
destined for General Sherman during the Atlanta Campaign. The unit continued a
guerrilla action as General Sherman marched to the sea in his scorched earth
campaign to Savannah. The 53rd served in Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida
and South Carolina.