John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders
John Caldwell Calhoun Sanders was born at Tuscaloosa, Alabama, April 4, 1840, and grew up at Clinton, Greene County, whence he entered the state university in 1858. At the outbreak of war he left the university to enlist in a company of the 11th Alabama Infantry, of which he was elected captain. The first engagement in which the regiment took part was that of Seven Pines. In the ensuing Seven Days battles Sanders was severely wounded at Frayser's Farm, but returned to duty on August 11 to take command of the regiment. He was formally promoted to colonel after Sharpsburg, at the age of twenty-two. He then fought with great gallantry at Fredericksburg, Salem Church, Gettysburg, and in the Overland campaign of 1864. At the battle of Spotsylvania he led Perrin's brigade after the latter's fall, and for his services in the Confederate assault to retake the "Mule Shoe," he was commissioned brigadier general from May 31, 1864. He was then assigned to the command of Cadmus M. Wilcox's old brigade of Alabama regiments. General Sanders was later conspicuous during the opening operations of the siege of Petersburg, and particularly so in the battle of the Crater, where his brigade was a part of Mahone's division. On August 21, 1864, in one of the engagements on the Weldon railroad, he was shot through the thighs, the ball severing both femoral arteries. In a few minutes he bled to death. He is buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.