John Crawford Vaughn
John Crawford Vaughn was born in Roane County, Tennessee, on February 24, 1824. As a captain in the 5th Tennessee Infantry he saw service in the Mexican War, from which he returned to become a merchant in his native town. Happening to be in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1861, he witnessed the bombardment of Fort Sumter. He hastened home to recruit a regiment for the Confederate cause in an area which was virtually a stronghold of Union sentiment. Mustered into service as colonel of the 3rd Tennessee Infantry at Lynchburg, Virginia, June 6, 1861, he was ordered to report to General Joseph E. Johnston at Harpers Ferry, and the month following took part in the battle of First Manassas. Commissioned brigadier general to rank from September 22, 1862, he fought in the Vicksburg campaign and was surrendered with his brigade on July 4, 1863, when the city capitulated. During the 1864 operations in the Shenandoah, he commanded a cavalry brigade. He was at the battle of Piedmont and with General Early in the march on Washington, and was wounded near Martinsburg, (West) Virginia. After his recovery he was in command in East Tennessee and, upon the surrender of Lee, joined the forces of Joseph E. Johnston in North Carolina. Vaughn's brigade formed part of Jefferson Davis' escort during the latter's flight south. Vaughn himself was paroled at Washington, Georgia, on May 9, 1865. After the war he lived alternately in Brooks County, Georgia, and in Monroe County, Tennessee, serving one term as presiding officer of the Tennessee senate. He died near Thomasville, Georgia, September 10, 1875, and is buried in that city.
Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner. Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.