Jones Mitchell Withers

Major General

Monument: Find-a-Grave

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Reference: Alabama Department of Archives & History. Custodian of the original pictures. Confederate Officers photo album.

Jones Mitchell Withers was born in Madison County, Alabama, January 12, 1814. He was graduated from the U. S. Military Academy in the class of 1835, but resigned the same year to study law. The year following he served as a volunteer during the Creek uprising. Subsequently he practiced his profession, engaged in cotton factoring, and was active in the Alabama state militia, making his residence in Tuscaloosa and Mobile. At the outbreak of the war with Mexico, Withers was reappointed in the United States Army as lieutenant colonel of the 13th Infantry, and was later promoted colonel of the 9th; but he again resigned at the termination of hostilities. From that time until the beginning of the Civil War he was a merchant in Mobile. He was mayor of that city from 1858 to 1861 and also served in the state legislature. Entering the Confederate Army as colonel of the 3rd Alabama Infantry, he was promoted brigadier general on July 10, 1861, and major general from April 6, 1862. He was first in command of the Mobile defenses; he then fought at Shiloh at the head of two brigades; took part in the Kentucky invasion; and at Murfreesboro was highly commended by both Generals Bragg and Leonidas Polk. Succeeded in divisional command in August 1863 by General Hindman, he subsequently was in charge of the reserve forces of Alabama until the end of the war. Thereafter he was a cotton broker, editor of the Mobile Tribune, again mayor of Mobile in 1867, city treasurer in 1878-79, and later a claim agent in Washington. General Withers died at Mobile on March 13, 1890, and is there buried in Magnolia Cemetery.

Ref: Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders by Ezra J. Warner.  Printed by Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge and London.